Gunta StölzlGunta Stölzl (5 March 1897 – 22 April 1983) was a German textile artist who played a fundamental role in the development of the Bauhaus school's weaving workshop, where she created enormous change as it transitioned from individual pictorial works to modern industrial designs. She was one of a small number of female teachers on the Bauhaus' staff and the first to hold the title of "Master".
Her textile work is thought to typify the distinctive style of Bauhaus textiles. She joined the Bauhaus as a student in 1919, became a junior master in 1927. She was dismissed for political reasons in 1931, two years before the Bauhaus closed under pressure from the Nazis.
The textile department was a neglected part of the Bauhaus when Stölzl began her career, and its active masters were weak on the technical aspects of textile production. She soon became a mentor to other students and reopened the Bauhaus dye studios in 1921. After a brief departure, Stölzl became the school's weaving director in 1925 when it relocated from Weimar to Dessau and expanded the department to increase its weaving and dyeing facilities. She applied ideas from modern art to weaving, experimented with synthetic materials, and improved the department's technical instruction to include courses in mathematics. The Bauhaus weaving workshop became one of its most successful facilities under her direction. Provided by Wikipedia
Gunta Stölzl - Meisterin am Bauhaus Dessau : Textilien, Textilentwürfe und freie Arbeiten, 1915 - 1983; [anläßlich der Ausstellung Gunta Stölzl - Meisterin am Bauhaus Dessau; S...
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Conference Proceeding Book
Gunta Stölzl : Weberei am Bauhaus und aus eigener Werkstatt ; [Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin 4.2. - 26.4.1987; Kunstgewerbemuseum Zürich 3.6. - 26.7.1987; Gerhard-Marcks-Stiftung 16.8. -...
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